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Galatians 3:15-29

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Grace Christian Huynh

15 “Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.”

Paul uses a human illustration, such as the model of how seriously we take our human oaths, in order to explain Godly principles, ideas, and character. In this instance, Paul uses a human illustration to point out how human covenants, once they are ratified, cannot be thrown out. Using human illustrations are useful for people who are not familiar with Godly concepts.

16 “Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.”

Paul uses the fact that God spoke to Abraham about His promise, referring to the singular seed, who is actually Jesus Christ who fulfills the promise

17 “And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.”

The Law from Moses’ time does not void God’s promise. Paul reiterates his human illustration.

18 “For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.”

The law does not promise any inheritance, but the promise does. The inheritance between God and His children is established by the promise, which is above the law. Seems like the law has had a negative impact of the Galatians since Paul is bringing it up so much. People may be putting too much importance on the law instead of other ways to connect with God spiritually apart from good deeds.

19 “Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.”

Paul answers the question that was probably in the people’s minds as well as to cover all of his bases. There needed to be the law in order to help people understand different kinds of sins and the consequences of sin. The mediator logically must be Moses, who was given the law by God and his angels, to present to the people and eventually judge them based on the law.

20 “Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.”

A mediator is for contracts between two or more people, not just one person. God is one side, so there must be another party for there to be a mediator, which is Israel. For some reason, the phrasing of that sentence confused me!

21 “Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.”

The law does not contradict God’s promises. The law doesn’t cover the things that God’s promises does. The law condemns us to death, but God’s promises such as the salvation from our sins for our faith give us life and save us from condemnation.

22 “But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.”

The grip of sin if very powerful and sin can condemn us to eternal death and separation from God. But, the Scripture is much more powerful than sin. The salvation and faith is too powerful for sin to continue its strong grasp on us. By repressing the power of sin, people can see the hope and have faith in Jesus Christ. When people are imprisoned in darkness by sin, they don’t have hope and lose sight of the better things to come. The light of the Scripture, even just a hint, is good enough for people to escape imprisonment and back out into the lifesaving light if they want to.

23 “But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.”

Before the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, everyone was condemned to death because everyone sinned. Our faith set us free when Jesus Christ came as a man and died on the cross.

24 “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.”

A way to think of being justified by faith is pretending we are in jail. The prison guard will not let us escape and we must serve our sentence until Jesus Christ bails us out. He is the bridge to God and eternal life.

25-26 “But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.”

When we are bailed out, the guard no longer has custody of us. Sin no longer has a grasp on us. Our faith in Jesus Christ is the bridge to God. Through Christ can we be the children of God.

27-29 “For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.”

The purpose of a garment is to protect our vulnerabilities. Being baptized into Christ means accepting Christ into our new bodies. A garment is for everyone, one-size fits all. We are all God’s children in His eyes. If we choose to accept Him, He will treat us as His own children, heirs to the promise He didn’t even have to make. We are all one in Christ, no one is more than the other. We then are the seed and part of the heirs to the promise. Kingdom of God is the inheritance.

The law helped us to understand what is right and wrong. However, the law doesn’t promise anything other than punishment and death. Jesus Christ is the promise of life and togetherness with God.


Jay Christian Huynh

15  “Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.”

In order for readers to understand the covenant between man and God, Paul uses human contracts as an example. The example would be that humans do not make adjustments to the contracts they have finalized themselves.

16 “Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.”

Like how humans don’t remove any part from their final contracts, God has not changed His. God had made His contract with Abraham and “his seed”, instead of the plural “seeds”, which meant God chose Jesus as part of the promise, the singular “seed” and not many “seeds”.

17 “And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.”

Just as humans don’t change or replace the final contracts they create, God does not revoke His covenant with man by creating laws for them to follow. God’s laws and covenant do not neutralize or nullify each other.

18 “For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.”

When God made the inheritance, which is salvation with God, He did not make it so that His laws can permanently revoke this inheritance from man. If the law God had set down had the power to permanently revoke this inheritance, it would no longer be considered a final contract. God granted the inheritance of salvation as permanent promise.

19-20 “Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.”

Paul realizes that at this point some might wonder why the law was necessary if salvation is a permanently accessible inheritance for man to redeem. The purpose of the law was so that God’s chosen people, the Israelites might be preserved before Christ’s arrival and sacrifice. The law taught the people of God the difference between what was right and what was wrong, and to keep them on the right path in preparation for Christ’s coming. Moses was chosen to be the mediator between the Israelites and God for the covenant because he was given the law to present and teach to the Israelites.

21 “Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.”

Of course, the law that God creates does not conflict with the covenant between man and God. The law does not give the promise, which is the promise of life through Christ.

22 “But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.”

The Scripture, like that of the book of the law, brings guilt to humans by making them aware of the sins they commit, revealing that they are imprisoned by the curse of sin, being death. With the arrival of Christ’s salvation, humans are liberated from the curse of sin and can be given the promise of salvation if they put their faith in Christ’s sacrifice.

23 “But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.”

Before the redemption of Christ, such as during the Old Testament, humans had to rely on their own strength to obey the law and were under the burden of their sin’s curse.

24 “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.”

Man was like a prisoner being in check by the law, which acted as the prison warden so that man might be watchful of themselves for salvation. This would be until Christ had come to redeem man through His sacrifice.

25-26 “But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.”

Since the sacrifice of Christ redeems man, man is no longer being kept by the law. As the salvation through Christ allows all men to be saved, the blood of Jesus becomes our new guardian.

27-29 “For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.”

When people  put their faith into the salvation of Christ, their nakedness, shame, and exposure to sin is covered by Christ’s blood as a clean garment. There are no things that can separate those under Christ’s redemption from God. All who redeemed by Christ together become the children of God. Anyone is able to join in the covenant between God and Abraham if they put their faith in Christ.

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